Area Deprivation Index in Japan

An area deprivation index (ADI) is a type of indicator of area-level socio-economic status. This Japanese version of area deprivation index is a composite indicator calculated by weighting eight census area indicators relating to household composition, housing, and labour and occupational status. The higher the value, the more highly deprived households live in the area. The formula and background of this index are detailed in Appendix S1 of the following article.:Nakaya, T. et al. (2014). Associations of all-cause mortality with census-based neighbourhood deprivation and population density in Japan: a multilevel survival analysis. PloS one, 9(6), e97802.

Another research project covering the period 1995-2014 across entire Japan using this ADI has shown that socio-economic disparities in mortality by place of residence exist for most cause-specific deaths in the ongoing era of low growth in Japan: Nakaya, T., & Ito, Y. (Eds.). (2019). The atlas of health inequalities in Japan. Springer Nature.

Data for specific period (under preparation: currently password is needed for downloading)